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Last updated on February 13, 2023
5 min read

Vercel's Edge Network caches your content at the edge in order to serve data to your users as fast as possible. Vercel's caching is available for all deployments and domains on your account, regardless of the pricing plan.

Vercel's caching mechanism is centered around the Edge Network, which caches your content globally to serve data to your users as quickly as possible.

Static caching is automatic for all deployments, requiring no manual configuration. However, if you want to cache dynamic content through Edge Functions and Serverless Functions, including SSR, you can do so by adding the Cache-Control headers to your response. When you specify Cache-Control headers in a function, responses will be cached in the region the function requested from.

The Cache-Control field is an HTTP header specifying caching rules for client (browser) requests and server responses. A cache must obey the requirements defined in the Cache-Control header.

For server responses to be successfully cached with Vercel's Edge Network, the following criteria must be met:

  • Request uses GET or HEAD method.
  • Request does not contain Range header.
  • Request does not contain Authorization header.
  • Response uses 200, 404, 301, or 308 status code.
  • Response does not exceed 10MB in content length.
  • Response does not contain the set-cookie header.
  • Response does not contain the private, no-cache or no-store directives in the Cache-Control header.

Vercel does not allow bypassing the cache for static files by design.

Static files are automatically cached at the edge after the first request and are cached for up to 31 days on Vercel's Edge Network.

  • If a static file is unchanged, the cached value can persist across deployments due to the hash used in the filename
  • Optimized images cached will persist between deployments
  • The default Cache-Control header contains public, max-age=0, must-revalidate to prevent clients (e.g. browsers) from caching the file locally

In order for Vercel's Edge Network to cache the response of Serverless and Edge Functions, you need to include the response header Cache-Control with any of the following directives:

Server-side caching headers are used to cache the response at the edge. In order for the Vercel Edge Network to cache the response of Serverless and Edge Functions, you need to include the response header Cache-Control with any of the following directives:

Note: proxy-revalidate and stale-if-error are not currently supported.

For more separate control over caching on Vercel and downstream CDNs, you can use the CDN-Cache-Control header or the Vercel-specific Vercel-CDN-Cache-Control header.

If you set Cache-Control without a CDN-Cache-Control, the Vercel Edge Network strips s-maxage and stale-while-revalidate from the response Cache-Control header before sending it to the browser. To determine if the response was served from the cache, check the x-vercel-cache header in the response.

Edge Function
export default async function handler(req) {
  return new Response(
      message: 'Hello, world!',
      status: 200,
      headers: {
        'content-type': 'application/json',
        'cache-control': 'public, s-maxage=1200, stale-while-revalidate=600',
export const config = {
  runtime: 'edge',

See the full example in the examples repository.

Serverless Functions

Set the Cache-Control header in your Next.js API Routes by using the response.setHeader method:

export default function handler(request, response) {
  response.setHeader('Cache-Control', 's-maxage=86400');
  response.status(200).json({ name: 'John Doe' });

A Next.js API Route that sends a JSON response and caches that response for one day.

Note: Cache-Control headers cannot be set using next.config.js or vercel.json (for other frameworks) files.

Vercel supports the CDN-Cache-Control header, which allows you to control your CDN cache separately from the browser's cache. You can also use Vercel-CDN-Cache-Control to control Vercel's CDN cache in specific.

The following example instructs:

  • Vercel's Edge Cache to have a TTL (Time To Live) of 3600 seconds
  • Downstream CDNs to have a TTL of 60 seconds
  • Clients to have a TTL of 10 seconds
import type { NextApiResponse } from 'next';
export default function handler(response: NextApiResponse) {
  response.setHeader('Vercel-CDN-Cache-Control', 'max-age=3600');
  response.setHeader('CDN-Cache-Control', 'max-age=60');
  response.setHeader('Cache-Control', 'max-age=10');
  return response.status(200).json({ name: 'John Doe' });

See the CDN-Cache-Control section of our Headers docs to learn more.

  • max-age=N, public
  • max-age=N, immutable

Where N is the number of seconds the response should be cached. The response must also meet the caching criteria mentioned earlier.

See our docs on Cache-Control headers to learn how to best use Cache-Control directives on Vercel's Edge Network.

Every deployment has a unique key used for caching based on the deployment URL created at build time. This key ensures that users never see content from a previous deployment.

The cache is automatically purged upon a new deployment being created. If you ever need to invalidate Vercel's Edge Network cache, you can always re-deploy.

The x-vercel-cache header is included in HTTP responses to the client, and describes the state of the cache.

See our headers docs to learn more.

Vercel's Edge Network cache is segmented by region. The following caching limits apply to Vercel Function responses:

  • Max Cacheable Response Size = 10MB
  • Max Cache Time = 31 days
    • s-maxage
    • max-age
    • stale-while-revalidate

While you can put the maximum time for server-side caching, cache times are best-effort and not guaranteed. If an asset is requested often, it is more likely to live the entire duration. If your asset is rarely requested (e.g. once a day), it may be evicted from the regional cache.

Vercel does not currently support using prox-revalidate and stale-if-error for server-side caching.