Access Roles

Learn about the different roles available for team members on a Vercel account.
Table of Contents

Vercel distinguishes between different roles to help manage team members' access levels and permissions. These roles are categorized into two groups: team level and project level roles. Team level roles are applicable to the entire team, affecting all projects within that team. Project level roles are confined to individual projects.

Team and project roles relationship diagram
Team and project roles relationship diagram

The two groups are further divided into specific roles, each with its own set of permissions and responsibilities. These roles are designed to provide a balance between autonomy and security, ensuring that team members have the access they need to perform their tasks while maintaining the integrity of the team and its resources.

Team level roles are available on Pro and Enterprise plans

Team level roles are designed to provide a broad level of control and access to the team as a whole. These roles are assigned to individuals and apply to all projects within the team, ensuring centralized control and access while upholding the team's security and integrity.

  • Owner and Member: Have the highest level of control. They can manage, modify, and oversee the team's settings, and all projects
  • Developer: Can deploy to projects and manage environment settings but lacks the comprehensive team oversight that an owner or member possesses
  • Billing: Primarily responsible for the team's financial management and oversight. The billing role also gets read-only access to every project
  • Viewer: Has read-only access to the team's resources and projects
  • Contributor: A unique role that can be configured to have any of the project level roles or none. If a contributor has no assigned project role, they won't be able to access that specific project. Only contributors can have configurable project roles

See the Team Level Roles Reference for a complete list of roles and their permissions.

The owner role is available on Pro and Enterprise plans

The owner role is the highest level of authority within a team, possessing comprehensive access and control over all team and project settings.

Key responsibilities

  • Oversee and manage all team resources and projects
  • Modify team settings, including billing and member roles
  • Grant or revoke access to team projects and determine project-specific roles for members
  • Access and modify all projects, including their settings and deployments

Access and permissions

Owners have unrestricted access to all team functionalities, can modify all settings, and change other members' roles.

Team owners inherently act as project administrators for every project within the team, ensuring that they can manage individual projects' settings and deployments.

Additional information

Teams can have more than one owner. For continuity, we recommend that at least two individuals have owner permissions. Additional owners can be added without any impact on existing ownership. Keep in mind that role changes, including assignment and revocation of team member roles, are an exclusive capability of those with the owner role.

See the Team Level Roles Reference for a complete list of roles and their permissions.

The member role is available on Pro and Enterprise plans

Members play a pivotal role in team operations and project management.

Key responsibilities

Access and permissions

Certain team-level settings remain exclusive to owners. Members cannot edit critical team settings like billing information or invite new users to the team, this keeps a clear boundary between the responsibilities of members and owners.

Additional information

To assign the member role to a team member, refer to our Adding team members and assigning roles documentation.

See the Team Level Roles Reference for a complete list of roles and their permissions.

The developer role is available on Enterprise plans

Central to the team's operational functionality, developers ensure a balance between project autonomy and the safeguarding of essential settings.

Key responsibilities

Access and permissions

While Developers have significant access to project functionalities, they are restricted from altering production environment variables and team-specific settings. They are also unable to invite new team members. Note that the capability to become a project administrator is reserved for the contributor role. Those with the developer role cannot be assigned project level roles.

Developers can deploy to production through merging to the production branch for Git projects.

Additional information

To assign the developer role to a team member, refer to our Adding team members and assigning roles documentation.

See the Team Level Roles Reference for a complete list of roles and their permissions.

The contributor role is available on Enterprise plans

Contributors offer flexibility in access control at the project level. To limit team members' access at the project level, they must first be assigned the contributor role. Only after being assigned the contributor role can they receive project-level roles. Contributors have no access to projects unless explicitly assigned.

Contributors may have project-specific role assignments, with the potential for comprehensive control over assigned projects only.

Key responsibilities

Access and permissions

Contributors can be assigned to specific projects and have the same permissions as project administrators, project developers, or project viewers. They can also be assigned no project role, which means they won't be able to access that specific project.

See the Project level roles section for more information on project roles.

Additional information

To assign the contributor role to a team member, refer to our Adding team members and assigning roles documentation.

See the Team Level Roles Reference for a complete list of roles and their permissions.

The billing role is available on Pro and Enterprise plans

Specialized for financial operations, the billing role oversees financial operations and team resources management.

Key responsibilities

  • Oversee and manage the team's billing information
  • Review and manage team and project costs
  • Handle the team's payment methods

Access and permissions

The billing role is designed to provide financial oversight and management, with access to the team's billing information and payment methods. This role also has read-only access to all projects within the team.

Additional information

For Pro teams, the billing role can be assigned at no extra cost but is limited to one member. For Enterprise teams, the billing role can be assigned to multiple members.

To assign the billing role to a team member, refer to our Adding team members and assigning roles documentation.

See the Team Level Roles Reference for a complete list of roles and their permissions.

The viewer role is available on Enterprise plans

An observational role, viewers are informed on team activities without direct intervention.

Key responsibilities

  • Monitor and inspect all team projects
  • Review shared team resources
  • Observe team settings and configurations

Access and permissions

Viewers have broad viewing privileges but are restricted from making changes.

Additional information

To assign the viewer role to a team member, refer to our Adding team members and assigning roles documentation.

See the Team Level Roles Reference for a complete list of roles and their permissions.

Project level roles are available on Enterprise plans

Project level roles provide fine-grained control and access to specific projects within a team. These roles are assigned to individuals and are restricted to the projects they're assigned to, allowing for precise access control while preserving the overarching security and integrity of the team.

  • Project Administrator: Team owners and members inherently act as project administrators for every project. Project administrators can create production deployments, manage all project settings, and manage production environment variables
  • Project Developer: Can deploy to the project and manage its environment settings. Team developers inherently act as project developers
  • Project Viewer: Has read-only access to a specific project. Both team billing and viewer members automatically act as project viewers for every project

See the Project Level Roles Reference for a complete list of roles and their permissions.

The project administrator role is available on Enterprise plans

Project administrators hold significant authority at the project level, operating as the project-level counterparts to team members and owners.

Key responsibilities

Access and permissions

Their authority doesn't extend across all projects within the team. Project administrators are restricted to the projects they're assigned to.

Additional information

To assign the project administrator role to a team member, refer to our Assigning project roles documentation.

See the Project Level Roles Reference for a complete list of roles and their permissions.

The project developer role is available on Enterprise plans

Project developers play a key role in working on projects, mirroring the functions of team developers, but with a narrowed project focus.

Key responsibilities

Additional information

To assign the project developer role to a team member, refer to our Assigning project roles documentation.

See the Project Level Roles Reference for a complete list of roles and their permissions.

The project viewer role is available on Enterprise plans

Adopting an observational role within the project scope, they ensure transparency and understanding across projects.

Key responsibilities

Access and permissions

They have a broad view but can't actively make changes.

Additional information

To assign the project viewer role to a team member, refer to our Assigning project roles documentation.

See the Project Level Roles Reference for a complete list of roles and their permissions.

Last updated on February 25, 2024